Ochsenfurt traditional costume cross
Antique cross pendant with bohemian garnets, around 1870
In the 19th century, traditional costume jewellery belonged to the treasured possessions of the rural population, worn with pride and passed on from generation to generation. The region of the Ochsenfurt Land in Lower Franconia is one of the richest traditional costume landscapes in Germany and to this day the tradition is kept alive in numerous associations. In addition to elaborate clothing, numerous pieces of jewellery are also part of the complete festive outfit, which bear witness to the prosperity of the fertile region. Among the characteristic pieces of jewellery of the so-called Gautracht are elaborately worked, multi-part neck hangings. They always develop from a cross pendant with small suspensions, which is preceded by an oval ornamental piece in the manner of a brooch. Crossed silver chains accompany the embossed ornaments. Small suspensions, the so-called bells, further enrich the design. Precious costume necklaces for the Ochsenfurth costume were often a gift from the groom to his bride and in the late 19th century often cost 60 to 100 gold marks. This cross pendant belongs to such a necklace of the Ochsenfurter Gautracht. The embossed cross shows a set of bohemian garnets and a small pearl in the middle. The baroque design language is still in the tradition of Biedermeier foam goldwork. The pendant from the 1870s is very well preserved. Comparable pieces can be found in Gislind Ritz: Alter bäuerlicher Schmuck, Munich 1978, p. 103 ff.
After the abolition of the rigorous dress codes, which had forbidden the wearing of colourful clothes and metal jewellery by the rural population since the Middle Ages, more and more colourful and varied forms of jewellery were able to develop from the end of the 18th century onwards. Particularly regionally this was expressed in an abundance of traditional costumes, which determine since then the picture of festively dressed humans particularly in Upper Bavaria and Swabia in addition, other regions. For women, these include pile clasps and choker necklaces, bodice cords with pendants and sumptuously decorated lacing pins, earrings and finger rings, bonnet pins and hair arrows, and for men finger rings, watch chains with a variety of pendants and silver coin buttons.
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We want you to be 100% satisfied! That’s why we examine, describe and photograph all our jewellery with the utmost care.
If for any reason you are still not satisfied, contact us and we will find a mutual solution immediately. Regardless, you can return any item within 30 days and we will refund you the full purchase price.